Web Resources

The sites compiled here are just a few of the many sites that deal with the Brown case and American race relations. Resources are being added daily online.

A great example is:
Race: Are We So Different?
Very interesting site created by the American Anthropological Association. Self-assessments, cool flash quizzes and great teaching resources for all grades


You can also access videos that were shot over the three year period of the grant project. These videos provide a rich commentary on teacher conversations, panel discussions, guest lectures and presentations made by students, administrators and relatives of those who lived through the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s.

Go the ESSDACK NOW site and insert "TAH" in Search the Archive box.


1965 Alabama Voter Registration Literacy Test
Today, most citizens register to vote without regard to race or color by signing their name and address on something like a postcard. But it was not always that easy!

50th Anniversary of Brown / ASCD
To commemorate the 50th anniversary of Brown, ASCD is undertaking a series of initiatives, events and publications that will raise awareness of this historical milestone

American Bar Association Commission on the Brown Anniversary
You'll find a selected listing of annotated Brown resources, including a bibliography of books and articles, court cases, films & videos, lesson plans, and links

"Africans in America" PBS
"Africans in America" examines the economic and intellectual foundations of slavery in America and the global economy that prospered from it. And it reveals how the presence of African people and their struggle for freedom transformed America.

American Library Association Brown Education Resources
The Black Caucus of the ALA created and maintains this page of useful Brown and civil rights links.

American Memory Page / African-American Odyssey
The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship, showcases the incomparable African American collections of the Library of Congress. Displaying more than 240 items, including books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings, this is the largest black history exhibit ever held at the Library

A Nation Acts / Now Let Me Fly
What better way to celebrate than with a reading or production of the play "Now Let Me Fly?" This inspiring, educational and entertaining play by Marcia Cebulska is based on oral histories and personal interviews with the real people involved in the struggle leading to Brown v. Board.

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
Inspired by our civil rights past, the mission of the BCRI is to encourage communication and reconciliation of human rights issues worldwide, and to serve as a depository for civil rights archives and documents

Black Panthers
The Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation is a community-based, non-profit research, education, and advocacy center dedicated to fostering progressive social change. By preserving the history of multicultural activism and community self-determination, by educationg the public about this history's continued relevance, and by creating a crucible for practicing ongoing progressive change, guided by the writings and teachings of Huey P. Newton, the Foundation seeks to empower all people, but especially urban youth, to be builders of a true global community

"Booker T. and W.E.B." poem
A digital copy of the poem "Booker T. and W.E.B." by Dudley Randall

Brown Foundation for Educational Equity
The Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research was established in 1988 as a living tribute to the attorneys and plaintiffs in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision of 1954 Brown v. Board of Education. This decision signaled the end of legal segregation on the basis of race in this country. The Brown family and community leaders in Topeka, Kansas, established the Foundation to commemorate and document the activities and history makers involved in this historic court case

Buffalo Soldiers on the Western Frontier
The International Museum of the Horse created this tribute to the Buffalo Soldiers. Find history, timelines, bibliography and resources

Buffalo Soldiers and Indian Wars
The mission of the Buffalo Soldier Network is to honor the memory of the Buffalo Soldiers, in historical, educational, and genealogical perspectives. We salute the men and women who have served proudly in the United States armed services and give homage to the Native-Americans who fought with courage in defense of their traditional homelands

Civil Rights Movement Veterans
This website is of, by, and for Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement of the 1960s. For us, the heart and soul of our website is emphasizing the central role played by ordinary people transforming their lives with extraordinary courage. The Civil Rights Movement was above all a mass peoples' movement — people coming together to change their lives for themselves. But all too often that central fact has been quietly dropped out of history in favor of a "benevolent" court ruling, a few charismatic leaders, a handful of famous protests in a few well- known places, some tragic martyrs, and the gracious largess of magnanimous legislators. Our purpose is to make sure that there is at least one place where the Movement story is told by those who actually lived it.

The Civil Rights Project
The mission of the Civil Rights Project is to help renew the civil rights movement by bridging the worlds of ideas and action, and by becoming a preeminent source of intellectual capital and a forum for building consensus within that movement. Some nice research and links

Constitutional Rights Foundation Lessons & Links
The story of America's struggle toward equality is complex. But in its ideals, America has stood for the principles expressed in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education ruled that the Constitution forbids laws segregating public schools by race. This historic decision opened the doors of opportunity for many Americans. Constitutional Rights Foundation presents a series of online lessons marking the 50th anniversary of the Brown decision

Documenting the American South
Documenting the American South (DocSouth) is a digital publishing initiative that provides Internet access to texts, images, and audio files related to Southern history, literature, and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century. Currently DocSouth includes seven thematic collections of books, diaries, posters, artifacts, letters, oral history interviews, and songs

EdWeek: Brown at 50: The Promise Unfullfilled
A series of articles, reports and resources concerning the legacy of the Brown case

Eisenhower Library Documents Online
The manuscript collections and audiovisual archives at the Library contain many documents and photographs that may be useful to students working on historical papers, exhibit projects, media or dramatic performances. Documents and photographs are included for several different Civil Rights events

From Canterbury to Little Rock: The Struggle for Educational Equality for African Americans
The Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Page people for the National Park Service have put together this lesson on Little Rock Central High School and the Prudence Crandall Museum, two of the thousands of properties listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Both properties have been designated National Historic Landmark

Fifty Years of Brown
Nice site by the Montgomery County Schools in Maryland that includes background, cast of characters, photos, activity sites and print materials

Google Search for Brown Lesson Plans
Search results for online lesson plans

The History of Jim Crow
A great site that provides a wealth of historical and pedagogical materials on the segregation and the disfranchisement of African Americans from Reconstruction through the modern civil rights movement. The site was produced in conjunction with the PBS documentary "The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow" and is divided into five sections. One provides teacher guides to the four-part television series, while another includes brief overview essays on the origins, transformation, and end of Jim Crow. The geography section is particularly well designed. The content is organized in a series of interactive maps showing, among other things, Jim Crow laws in and outside of the South, patterns of lynchings, the locations of formative Supreme Court decisions on civil rights, and African American pioneers in the sporting world. The "Jim Crow and Literature" segment has detailed lesson plans for ten novels. These range from a nine-week unit on Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, (1960) that is geared toward middle school students to an essay-based exercise analyzing literary reviews of Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man (1947) that could fit easily into an undergraduate syllabus. The bulk of the materials in the separate teaching resources segment are suited for middle school and high school students; still, the variety is impressive. They include lesson plans, module exercises, first-person written histories of life under Jim Crow, and an image gallery

HarpWeek / Lesson Plans
The HarpWeek site contains digitized versions of "Harper's Weekly" newspaper from 1857-1916. This page lists some of the activities and lesson plans concerning the creation of the 13th/14th/15th Admendments to the US Constitution

Howard University Brown@50
Howard University, alma mater of many prominent civil rights lawyers, created this informational site to document the 50th anniversary of the Brown case

Brown v. Board / Landmark Cases
Street law and the Supreme Court Historical Society have put together this site that documents important cases in American History. This page documents the Brown case with primary sources and teaching activities

Library of Congress Brown Lesson Plan
The era of legal segregation in America, from Plessy v. Ferguson (1897) to Brown v. The Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954), is seldom fully explored by students of American history and government. At most, these studies are sidebar discussions of isolated people or events. It is important for students to develop an understanding of the complex themes and concepts of African American life in the first half of the 20th century to provide a foundation for a more meaningful understanding of the modern Civil Rights Movement. The following mini-unit will allow students to explore to what extent the African American experience was "separate but equal."

Library of Congress / From Slavery to Civil Rights Timeline
This site at the Library of Congress Learning page gives users the chance to click through African-American history and find helpful web sites for each period

Making a Difference in Communities in the South / "State of the South 2004"
Equitable public education is the linchpin of healthy communities, a vibrant economy, and an effective democracy. However, 50 years after Brown v. Board of Education, Southern schools are rapidly resegregating, failing to provide equitable public education while radical economic and demographic shifts threaten the region's well-being. State of the South 2004: Fifty Years After Brown v. Board of Education calls on the region to ensure integrated, equitable, effective public education to equip our youth for the economic, social, and civic challenges of the next 50 years

Primary sources, background and teaching activities

National Park Service Brown Site
On October 26, 1992, Congress passed Public Law 102-525 establishing Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site to commemorate the landmark Supreme Court decision aimed at ending segregation in public schools. The site consists of the Monroe Elementary School, one of the four segregated elementary schools for African American children in Topeka, and the adjacent grounds.

National Education Association Brown Page
The Supreme Court half a century ago declared that racial segregation in public schools deprived students of equal educational opportunities. It was a watershed moment in American history. Here's what the NEA is doing to raise awareness of the opportunities opened up by the decision and the continuing need to make real improvements.

New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School: From Freedom of Choice to Integration
The New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School, located in New Kent County, Virginia, are associated with the most significant public school desegregation case the U.S. Supreme Court decided after Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. While Brown determined that separate schools were inherently unequal, it did not define the process by which schools would be desegregated. The 1968 Charles C. Green, et al., v. County School Board of New Kent County, Virginia, et al. decision defined the standards by which the Court judged whether a violation of the U.S. Constitution had been remedied in school desegregation cases. This site documents that case with documents, photos and learning activities

Nicodemus, KS / Library of Congress
The Library of Congress maintains this page documenting the history of Nicodemus with photos and other primary source documents

National Public Radio / "Looking Back: Brown v. Board"
Over 20 articles and commentaries discussing the Brown case. Some very nice stuff here

Oyez, Oyez, Oyez: US Supreme Court Multimedia
The Oyez site does a great job of presenting factual background to a wide range of Supreme Court cases. This page describes the Brwon case

Plessy v. Ferguson / Landmark Cases
"The object of the [Fourteenth] Amendment was undoubtedly to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law, but in the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color, or to enforce social, as distinguished from political, equality, or a commingling of the two races upon terms unsatisfactory to either." —Justice Henry Billings Brown, speaking for the majority. Another great Landmark web site!

Remembering Jim Crow
For much of the 20th Century, African Americans in the South were barred from the voting booth, sent to the back of the bus, and walled off from many of the rights they deserved as American citizens. Until well into the 1960s, segregation was legal. The system was called Jim Crow. In this companion web site to the documentary, Americans—black and white—remember life in the Jim Crow times

Reporting Civil Rights: 1941-1973
This site, a companion to the book "Reporting Civil Rights, presents the reporters and journalism of the American Civil Rights Movement. Includes oral histories, timelines and resources

The Road to Brown video

Ruby Bridges Foundation

Significant Civil Rights Cases

Smithsonian's National Museum of American History

Sweatt v. Painter / Archival and Textual Sources

Teaching Brown

Teaching Tolerance with Brown

Topeka Capital Journal Online
Access to 1950s desegregation-related newspaper articles

Trickster Tales from Around the World

Understanding Prejudice
When it comes to gender and racial equality, most people know what their opinions are. But what about unconscious attitudes and associations? Would you be surprised to learn, for example, that you unconsciously favor one gender or racial group over another?